"What is the relationship between English spelling and other languages?"
"Is studying another language useful for English?"
Today, I would like to talk about Morimoto, who has lived in Greece for 15 years.
So, in this article, I would like to introduce "What is the relationship between English spelling and other languages?"
If you are not interested in other languages, please go through!
"Relationship between English spelling and other languages (Greek)"
Especially today, I will talk about "the relationship between Greek and English". Greek and English are very related.
There are so many Greek-related prefixes and words in English. In some cases, Greek is translated into English as it is.
Today I would like to introduce you to that area!
First of all, I would like to introduce the relationship by taking the English word "psychology" as an example.
Psychology is psychology in English. This word comes from Greek, but it feels awkward to spell.
Why. This is the Greek spelling as it is in English, so it will be spelled like this.
Looking from the beginning of the word, [ps] is the Greek alphabet " Ψ = Psi (Psi in Japanese)" in Greek.
[y] comes from " Y = epsilon (vowel of i)", [ch] comes from " X = fu], and [o] comes from" O = omicron (vowel of o) ".
When psychology is written in Greek, it becomes [Ψυχολογία = psihologia], and there are many psychological words that start with this [Ψυχ-].
If you know that it will be spelled [Ψυχ = psych], you won't misspell it! There is also a merit.
Also, this Greek word [-γία] means "○○ study", so it is [-logy] in English.
You can see that writing [Ψυχολογία] in English is psychology.
Psychological English words are mostly Greek, so I would like to introduce only a few.
[psycho- / sάɪkoʊ /] "spiritual"
[psychic / sáikik /] "Supernatural power"
[psychiatry / saikáiətri /] "Psychiatry" "Psychiatry"
[psychopath / sáiko (u) pæθ /] "Psychopath, antisocial personality disorder"
[psychosis / saikóusis /] "Psychosis"
[psychotherapy / sàiko (u) θérəpi /] "Psychotherapy"
[Psychic] is attached to all words such as! If you look at the phonetic symbols at this time, you can see that [p] is not pronounced.
It means that it will be a silent character. Note that the spelling and phonetic symbols do not match.
Another interesting Greek word is [Φοβία = fobia], which means "phobia".
The Greek alphabet [Φ = fu] is always [ph] when written in English. There are so many words that start with ph!
This is also derived from Greek! This is translated into English as it is and becomes [phobia].
There are various words for "○○ phobia".
Acrophobia "Acrophobia": acto = Greek for heights
Hydrophobia "Rabies": Greek for hydro = water
Claustrophobia "claustrophobia": claustro = Greek word closed
Xenophobia "Xenophobia": xeno = Greek for foreigners
[Acro] means "high place" in Greek, [Hydro] means "water" in Greek, and [Claustro] means "closed" in Greek.
It is a word that combines two meanings of each. There are so many words that are combined like this,
This is interesting! Am I the only one who thinks ...
So far, you can see that the Greek alphabet has a direct influence on English.
"Greek influences the spelling of English," because "because it is a Greek etymological word. "
If you know that "hydro = water"
hydrocarbon = "hydrocarbon"
hydroelectric = "hydroelectric power"
hydrogen = "hydrogen"
You can predict that it is a word that gets water.
Another interesting Greek word is [Μανία = mania]. This is used as it is in Japanese, such as XX mania.
Also in English, write [Μανία = Mania]. The following is an example of a word with mania.
Potomania = "Psychogenic polydipsia": poto = Greek for alcohol, alcohol
Bibliomania = "Book Collection Mania" "Book Collection Mania": biblio is the Greek word for books
Pyromania = "Arsonist": pyro is the Greek word for fire.
If anything, it means XX disease and XX madness in the medical sense.
It is heavier than the meaning of Japanese mania.
There are many Greek words that combine two words into one word,
Here are some other interesting English words that have been combined!
Acropolis = [acro = high places] [polis = city] "Acropolis: The Acropolis of Athens actually exists in high places."
megalopolis = [megalo = big] [polis = city] "super huge city"
megalomania = [megalo = big] [mania = mania / symptom] "Grandiose delusions"
podiatrist = [podi = foot] [iatrist = doctor] "podiatrist"
pediatrician = [pedi = child] [iatrician = doctor] "pediatrician"
gynecologist = [gyneco = women, women] [logist = doctor] "Gynecologist"
In fact, many Greek words are used in medical English. There are many English words that represent specialists called XX doctors other than the above three.
The following is an example of medical English words.
Asthma = "Asthma" This is the Greek word used as it is.
Dermatologist = [derma = skin] "Dermatologist"
Cardiologist = [cardio = heart] "cardiologist"
Ophthalmologist = "Ophthalmologist" Greek is used as it is.
Cataract = "Cataract" The Greek word is used as it is.
Leukemia = Leukemia This comes from the Greek word leuke = white, emia = αίμα / ema / = blood / blood.
The Greek word "blood" "αίμα = Emma" is spelled "he" in English.
Therefore, there are quite a few words related to blood that start with this "he". for example,
Hemorrhoids = hemorrhoids, but the Greek word "αιμορροίδες" is used as it is.
Hemoglobin This also comes from the Greek word "αίμα = Emma".
Try searching by entering "hemo" in the search window in the online dictionary ALC.
Blood-related words are displayed in a row.
In addition, there is an English word called ○ square. The English word ○ square comes from Greek.
Pentagon = [pende = Greek number 5] "Pentagon"
Hexagon = [hexa = Greek number 6] "Hexagon"
Heptagon = [hepta = Greek number 7] "Heptagon"
Octagon = [octo = Greek number 8] "octagon"
The first pentagon, pentagon, is the main building of the US Department of Defense, and it looks like a pentagon when viewed from above.
Another octopus we often talk about, octopus, is octopus because it has eight legs.
Besides, the Greek alphabet is used for mathematics and physics.
In this article, I focused on the "relationship between Greek and English spelling"!
Besides Greek, there are many English words that come from French.
With that in mind, you can see that "knowing another language is very useful when studying another language"!