False friends of the translator

Contents

Every English learner has at least once encountered a common mistake: you seem to think that a word (for example, velvet) means one thing, but in fact its meaning is completely different. In our case, 100% that you thought (if you haven't already encountered it) that velvet is velvet. Although in fact it means "velvet". This kind of confusion is called the translator's false friends. Although why only a translator? Every student stumbles upon such a “set-up” at least once.

Therefore, we decided to insure you by explaining the most common mistakes.

Table. Examples of incorrect translation from English

Word

Correct translation

False translation

accurate

Accurate, correct, calibrated

Careful

actually

Indeed, in fact

Actual

aspirant

Challenger, candidate, ambitious

Graduate student

attraction

attraction, attraction, attractiveness

Attraction

grandmother

Head scarf, scarf

Grandmother

baton

Wand, conductor's baton, police baton

Baton

benzene

Benzene

Petrol

ticket

Warrant to stay, quarters

Ticket

biscuit

Dry biscuits, biscuit

Biscuit

bra

Brassiere

Sconce

cabinet

Wardrobe, box, cabinet (of ministers)

Cabinet (furniture)

camera

Photo - video camera

Prison cell

chef

Chef

Chief, driver

session

Transfer of rights, assignment of a claim

Session

climax

high point, climax

Climax

compositor

Compositor

Composer

corpse

corpse, dead body

Frame

data

Data

the date

Dutch

Dutch, Dutch

Danish

fabric

Textile

Factory

family

Family

Surname

honor

Glory, honor

Honor

intelligent

Smart, understanding

intelligent

magazine

Magazine, warehouse, magazine (for cartridges)

Shop

mark

Label, spot, sign, mark

Brand

major

Mayor

Major

motorist

Motorist

minder

multiplication

Multiplication, increase

Animation

obligation

Guarantee, obligation, debt

Bond

physician

Therapist

Physicist

prospect

View, review, panorama, perspective

Avenue

repetition

Repetition

Rehearsal

replica

Exact copy, reproduction

Replica

satin

Atlas, satin

satin

public house

Pub, pub

Brothel

urbane

Polite, educated

urban, urban

velvet

Velvet, velvet

Velveteen

wagon

wagon, wagon, trolley

Railway carriage

wallet

Wallet

Jack