- "n" - nice, pen
- "nn" - planned, dinner
- "kn" - know, knife
- "gn" - sign, gnaw*
- "gne" (not common) - champagne, cologne
The sound /n/ can be in these clusters:
Beginning of a Syllable
End of a Syllable
/lnz/ ("lns") - kilns
/rn/ ("rn") - barn
/rnz/ ("rns") - horns
/rnd/ ("rned") - mourned
/nt/ ("nt") - point
/nts/ ("nts") - rents
/ntʃ/ ("nch") - lunch
/ntʃt/ ("nched") - launched
/nz/ ("ns" / "nse", / "nes") - fans, cleanse, bones
/ns/ ("nce" / "nse") - chance, sense
/nθ/ ("nth") - seventh
/nθs/ ("nths") - tenths
/nd/ ("nd" / "ned" / "nned")- send, loaned, planned
/ndz/ ("nds") - minds
*Note: Occasionally the spelling "gn" is pronounced /ny/, as in the words "vignette" and "poignant"
The sound /n/ is part of the suffix "-en." This suffix is used to mark some past participles in
- In perfect verbs:
- He has eaten.
- We had spoken.
- In passive verbs:
- The article was written.
- The window was broken.
These are both nasal consonants. However, /n/ is an alveolar nasal while /ŋ/ is a velar nasal. When you pronounce /n/, the tip of your tongue should touch the roof of your mouth and the back of your tongue should be low in your mouth.
2. A. sun, B. sung
3. A. tons, B. tongues
4. A. banned, B. banged
5. A. taken, B. taking
6. A. sinning, B. singing
Now compare /n/ and /l/:
These are both voiced alveolar consonants. However, /n/ is a nasal consonant while /l/ is a liquid consonant. To pronounce /n/, air should stop in your mouth but flow out of your nose.
You can hear the difference between /n/ and /l/ in these words.
2. A. news, B. lose
3. A. nine, B. line
4. A. win, B. will
5. A. tenor, B. teller
6. A. spinning, B. spilling
Now practice /n/ in sentences. Say the words first, then the sentences.
He complained that his neighbors were too noisy.
2. inside - when - snowing
We should stay inside when it's snowing.
3. couldn't - find - journal
I couldn't find the right journal.
4. haven't - chance - finish
I haven't had a chance to finish.
5. lunch - fancy - restaurant
We had lunch at a fancy restaurant.
6. learned - anything - new - recently
Have you learned anything new recently?
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