- "ng" - ring
- "n" (before /k/ or /g/) - pink, finger
The sound /ŋ/ can appear in these consonant clusters:
Beginning of a Syllable
End of a Syllable
/ŋks/ ("nks" / "nx") - sinks, lynx
/ŋkt/ ("nked") - thanked
/ŋz/ ("ngs") - things
/ŋθ/ ("ngth") - length
/ŋd/ ("nged") - hanged
The sound /ŋ/ is part of the suffix "-ing." This suffix is used to mark several categories of words in English.
- Progressive verbs: I was sleeping. You are cooking.
- Gerunds: Sleeping is good. Writing is hard.
- Present participial adjectives: The movie was exciting. This class is boring.
These are both voiced velar consonants. However, /g/ is a stop while /ŋ/ is a nasal. When you pronounce /ŋ/, air should flow out of your nose.
You can hear the difference between /ŋ/ and /g/ in these words.
2. A. hung, B. hug
3. A. tang, B. tag
4. A. rings, B. rigs
5. A. longing, B. logging
6. A. single, B. seagull
Now, compare /ŋ/ and /n/:
These are both nasal consonants. However, /n/ is an alveolar nasal and /ŋ/ is a velar nasal. When you pronounce /ŋ/, the back of your tongue should touch the back of your mouth and the tip of your tongue should be low in your mouth..
2. A. hanged, B. hand
3. A. things, B. thins
4. A. singer, B. sinner
5. A. winging, B. winning
6. A. forgiving, B. forgiven
Now, practice /ŋ/ in sentences. Say the words first, then the sentences.
In America, a young engaged woman wears a ring..
2. uncle - helping - hang
My uncle is helping me hang curtains.
3. bring - missing - ingredient
Can you bring the missing ingredient?
4. drink - something - evening
I like to drink something hot in the evening.
5. king - strength - ruling
A king needs strength for ruling well.
6. thinking - things - long
I've been thinking about these things for a long time.
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