- "j" - jump, reject
- "g" - magic , gentle
- "ge" - age, large
- "dj" - adjacent, adjective
- "dg" - badger, gadget
- "dge" - lodge, budge
- “di” – soldier, cordial
- “d” (+u) – graduate, education
The sound /dʒ/ can be in these consonant clusters:
Beginning of a Syllable
End of a Syllable
/ldʒ/ (“lge”) - bulge
/rdʒ/ (“rge”) - large
/dʒd/ (“ged”) - edged
/ndʒd/ (“nged”) - hinged
/ldʒd/ (“lged”) - divulged
/rdʒd/ (“rged”) - charged
These are both alveo-palatal, affricate consonants. However, /dʒ/ is a voiced consonant and /tʃ/ is a voiceless consonant.
You can hear the difference between /dʒ/ and /tʃ/ in these words.
2. A. joke, B. choke
3. A. badge, B. batch
4. A. lunge, B. lunch
5. A. surged, B. searched
6. A. ridges, B. riches
These are both voiced consonants in a similar position. However, /dʒ/ is an alveo-palatal affricate, while /d/ is an alveolar stop. The sound /dʒ/ begins as a stop (with no air coming through the mouth) but then moves into a fricative (with some air released).
You can hear the difference between /dʒ/ and /d/ in these words.
2. A. jock, B. dock
3. A. hedge, B. head
4. A. large, B. lard
5. A. adage, B. added
6. A. raging, B. raiding
Now, practice /dʒ/ in sentences. Say the words first, then the sentences.
Our original strategy didn’t work, so we’re trying a new procedure.
2. graduated – college – languages
She graduated from college with a degree in Asian languages.
3. jar – jam – edge
A jar of jam fell off the edge of the counter.
4. manager – just - packages
The manager just picked up the packages
5. vegetables – juice – fridge
The vegetables and juice should be in the fridge.
6. imagine – jacket – July
I can’t imagine why you’d need a jacket in July.
To practice with different varieties of English, choose another native English speaker by clicking one of the links below: