Legal terms in English

Contents

Today it is rare to find a person who does not have to deal with foreign documentation at least once. Like the Russian-speaking one, it is teeming with terms, complex phrases, which, as they say, you can’t figure it out without five drops. Therefore, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the list of legal terms that can be found in contracts, agreements and contracts in English - the main sources of foreign legal confusion.

So let's start with criminal law.

Table 1. Legal terms in English

Approval

OK

Is/ are appointed

appointed

Are heard by

obey

Appeal

appeal, appeal

Ammend

to amend (in a bill, proposal, etc.)

Accused

accused

Agreement

agreement, contract

Adviser

adviser

Advocacy

protection

Advice

consultation

Advise

recommend, advise

Byas

prejudice, prejudice

Draw

attract

Discharge

release, release

Defendant

defendant, accused

Defense

protection

Counterclaim

counterclaim

Convict

convicted

Commit crime

To commit a crime

Evidence

evidence, evidence

Execute

fulfill

Is/ are entitled to

be entitled (to something)

file

submit a document

Fine

fine

Impartial

fair, unbiased

Influence

impact

Innocent

innocent

Legal

legal, legitimate

legal system

legislative system

Legislation

legislation

lawsuit

lawsuit, lawsuit

lawyer

advocate

Jury

jury

Party

side

Prosecutor

prosecutor, prosecutor

President

preside

Proceeding

court hearing, procedural action

Sue

to submit a claim

Witness

witness

With regard to contracts and other legal documents, it is useful to know the following expressions.

Table 2. English legal expressions

Hereinafter referred to as… hereinafter referred to as …
Complaints claims
Disputes and disagreements all disputes and disagreements
Mutual condition condition concurrent
Guilty side party at/in fault
Compensation for damage indemnification
Civil responsibility liability
Civil law civil law
Contract of sale bargain and sale
Storage agreement contract of bailment
primary document basic document
Legal capacity legal capacity
Precondition condition precedent
Oral agreement verbal arrangement
Parties involved parties concerned
Material breach of contract material breach of contract

Of course, these are not all terms and expressions. There is not enough space on our blog to cover everything. Therefore, we will be glad if you leave additions to our article in the comments.