Imagine, native speakers, it turns out, are mere mortals: they also write and speak English with errors! Well, think for yourself: how often do you read advertisements, notes, letters with errors in Russian? For example, the other day I came across such an announcement: "Seed will rent an apartment." Yes, every step of the way! Or hear calls, but does not call; prettier, not prettier. Some literate people are simply pissed off by pronunciation errors.
So stop scolding yourself and getting upset because of the slightest errors in the English language: those who speak it are also far from perfect. Moreover, you have an advantage: you have Learnathome.ru , which will tell you about the most common media errors so that you can prevent and avoid these errors.
1.ITS - IT 'S _ _
Its is a possessive pronoun (answers the questions “whose? whose? whose?”) that refers to inanimate objects.
- We have bought a car. Its price is not so high.
It's = it is , that is, "it is"
- It's (=It is) a cheap car. Its color is red.
2. YOUR – YOU 'RE _
With these two expressions the same story as in the first case.
Your is a possessive pronoun that translates as "your / yours / yours".
- Your cat has eaten my flowers.
You' re= you are , that is, "you are."
- You're (=you are) a cat-lover.
3. THEIR - THEY ' RE - THERE
Their is a possessive pronoun that translates as "them".
- Their cat has eaten my flowers.
They' re= they are , that is, "they are"
- They're (=They are) cat-lovers.
There is an adverb "there". Most often found as part of a there is-there are structure .
- There is a cat in the garden.
- Look there - it's their cat!
4. WHOSE - WHO 'S _
Whose is an interrogative word , which translates as “whose? whose? whose?".
- Whose cat is this?
Who's = who is, translated as "who is?" in interrogative sentences, and “which/ which/ which/ which is” only for animate objects in declarative sentences.
- Who's (=Who is) this man?
- The man, who's (=who is) painted in this picture, is my grandpa.
Also , who' s can be short for ' who has' :
- The man, who's (= who has) painted this picture, is very famous in Italy.
However, the last abbreviation rule does not apply to the meaning "to have". That is, you cannot say "The man, who's a BMW, is my neighbor". Then you will get literally the following translation: "The person who is a BMW is my neighbor." It would be correct to say: "The man who has a BMW is my neighbor."