Abbreviations in English

Contents

In general, an acronym is a type of abbreviation (letter abbreviation), which is pronounced together, and not separately by letters. The Russian language is the champion in the number of abbreviated words or acronyms. The USSR gave us love for the letter designations of long phrases: the RSFSR, the CIS, the UKK, the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions and so on.

However, the English language has something to boast about. Of course, you won’t know all the acronyms without special training, because for the most part they relate to specific industries. However, there are interesting words and expressions that we use every day and do not even suspect that they are also abbreviations - and even from such interesting constructions.

Table. Acronyms in English

Acronym

Translation

Explanation

BASE JUMPING

Base jumping is an extreme sport, jumping from fixed objects.

B uilding, A ntenna, S pan, or E arth

CAPTCHA

Captcha - a code that must be entered manually to check if the user is a bot.

C ompletely a utomated public T uring Test to tell c omputers and h umans a part

CARE PACKAGE

Type "Minimum basket"

C ooperative for Assistance and Relief E verywhere

COMECON

Council for Mutual Economic Assistance

Co uncil for M utual E conomic Assistance

DERV

Diesel fuel (diesel fuel)

d iesel- e ngined r oad v ehicles

E-FIT

Technique for creating an identikit

e lectronic facial i dentification t echnique _

GESTAPO

Gestapo

Ge heime Staats po lizei _

GIGAFLOP

gigaflop

floating-point operations p er s econd .

gif

GIF

g raphics and interchange format _

GULAG

GULAG (Main Directorate of Camps and Places of Detention)

g lavnoye u pravleniye lag erey

HUMVEE

Humvee - American army all-terrain vehicle

h high-mobility m ulti-purpose whee led vehicle.

PAKISTAN

Pakistan

P unjab, A fghania , Kashmir, Sindh

POG

Tropical passion fruit, orange and guava drink

p assion fruit, o range, g uava

RADAR

Radar

Radio D etection A nd R anging _

SONAR

Sonar

So und Navigation A nd Ranging _ _

SCUBA

Scuba

s elf- c contained u nderwater b reathing a pparatus

SIM CARD

Simka

s subscriber i dentification module _

SMART CAR

Daimler division of the 90s (now used otherwise)

S watch M ercedes Art

SNAFU

In army slang - "The situation is normal: Everything is nae .. moose"

Situation n ormal , a ll f cked up.

SOWETO

Johannesburg suburb

so uth- we stern to wnships.

TASER

taser

Thomas A. _ _ Swift 's e lectric r ifle

LASER

Laser

l ight a mplification by s timulated e mission of r adiation

MASER

Maser

m microwave a mplification by s timulated e mission of radiation

ZIP CODE

Postcode

z one improvement plan _ _