Minimal Pair List Vowels 11 and 16, /3/ versus / əʊ / 179 pairs
The /3/ vowel is spelled with <er>, <ir>, <ear>, <ur>, and <or> in work . The / əʊ / diphthong is spelled <oCe>, or <oa>, <ow>, and appears in the letter name O .
This is a contrast between a long vowel and a diphthong. The starting positions are very close, and it can be a problem particularly for learners who try too hard to imitate an RP / əʊ /, notably Scandinavians.
Interesting pairs include:
The density figure is 5.81%. The set makes 88 semantic contrasts giving a loading of 49.2%.
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