Minimal Pair List Consonants /v/ versus /s/, 238 pairs
The /v/ sound is spelled with <v>, <ve> or <vv> in civvy . The /s/ sound is spelled <s>, <ss>, <c>, or <ps> in pseud . Notice how verve makes pairs with verse and serve , and how the homograph grave makes pairs with grace and grass .
The contrast is between a voiced labio-dental fricative and a voiceless alveolar fricative. It is not a problem for learners.
Interesting pairs include:
The mean density value is 1.4%. The list makes 125 semantic distinctions, a loading of 53%.
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