Minimal Pair List Diphthong /aʊ/ versus null, 41 pairs
The contrasts in this list are either from a deleted initial, such as auto/toe, a deleted final open syllable, such as mentor/meant, or from a closed syllable whose consonants permit clustering, such as calling/cling.
In the third of these cases an unstressed component may move up to acquire stress, so that the contrast is
not strictly minimal, though in cases where the /ɔ/ is unstressed
the contrast is more truly minimal, such as carport/carped.
There are 69 semantic contrasts in the list, giving a semantic loading of 78%.
audibility debility august gust austere steer auto toe autos toes auto tow autos tows bailor bail bailors bails bailor bale bailors bales battledore battled before biff boric brick boring bring bylaw bile calling cling callings clings cantor cant carport carped cawing king centaur cent centaur scent centaur sent clawing cling concourse conks condor conned deport dipped discourse discs eyesore ice falling fling fallout flout folklore focal footsore foots forelock flock forelocks flocks forelocks phlox fretsaw frets hacksaw hacks Hawick hick landau land landaus lands lessor less matador mattered mentor meant milord milled Nepal nipple orate rate orated rated orates rates orating rating orbit bit orbits bits orchestral kestrel orchid kid orchids kids orchis kiss orchises kisses ordain Dane ordains Danes ordain deign ordained deigned ordaining deigning ordains deigns ordeal deal ordeals deals oriel real Orleans liens orlop lop orlops lops orotund rotund pawing ping pitsaw pits rapport rap rapport wrap recourse ricks report ripped restore wrist ripsaw rips sawing sing seaport seeped seesaw cease seesawing ceasing sorting sting storing string strawing string thawing thing warrantor warrant