Minimal Pair List Consonants /d/ versus /z/: 2,941 pairs
This is by some way the longest of the lists and has been the most difficult to edit. Nearly all the pairs (2,420) arise from adding an inflection, past tense or past participle versus 3rd-person or plural, to the same stem. The pairs that are not just the result of adding an inflection (516) are listed separately at the beginning.
The /d/ sound may be spelled with <d>, <de> or <dd>. The /z/ sound has many spellings including <s>, <se>, <z>, <zz> and <ss> in scissors . Since some of these overlap with the spelling of /s/, there is plenty of potential for mispronunciation. Notice that the assimilations of /ndz/ to /nz/ amd /ldz/ to /lz/ make minimal pairs such as band/bands and wield/wields as well as band/banns and wield/wheels . The tongue has to pass through the /d/ position in moving from /n/ or /l/ to /z/.
Notice too how the homograph lead makes pairs with leas and Les and the homograph rowed makes pairs with rose and rouse .
The contrast is between a stop and a fricative, both voiced and in the same region of the mouth. Both sounds are widespread in many languages, so this is not a problem for learners.
Taboo word pairs are niggard/niggers , peed/peas , shagged/shags and weed/wees .
Interesting pairs include:
The mean density value is very high at 15.5%. Taking just the first section of the list there are 454 semantic distinctions giving a loading of 88%.
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ouzels ordinand ordinands overspend overspends owed O's padded paddies paled pails pandered pandas panted panties parted parties pawed pause pedant peasant pedants peasants pedantry peasantry pedantries peasantries peered piers perdition position pervade purveys planed plains playground playgrounds plead pleas plead please pleading pleasing pleadingly pleasingly plumbed plums poled polls polled poles pond ponds portend portends potted potties pound pounds prayed praise prayed preys pretend pretends preyed praise preyed prays pride prise priding prising pride pries propound propounds proud prows peed P's peed peas pseud sues puddle puzzle puddles puzzled puddling puzzling puddler puzzler puddlers puzzlers queued cues queued Q's quid quiz raid raise raided raises raiding raising raider raiser raiders raisers read res readiness resinous rebound rebounds recommend recommends redound redounds redound resound redounded resounded redounding resounding redounds resounds refund refunds remand 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studies sunned sons superintend superintends surd sirs surround surrounds suspend suspends sword saws sword sores synod sinners tailed tales tankard tankers taxied taxes teed teas teed tease teed T's tend tens tend tends thousand thousands tide ties tided tidies toad toes toad tows told tolls towed toes trade trays transcend transcends treated treaties trend trends turned terns unbend unbends unbind unbinds underspend underspends understand understands unwind unwinds vagabond vagabonds valid valleys veiled vales veined vanes vend vends wailed Wales wailed whales wad was wadded wadis wade ways wade weighs wand wands waned wains ward wars weald weals weald wheels weald wields weasel wheedle weasels wheedled weed wheeze weeded wheezes weeding wheezing weedy wheezy weedier wheezier weediest wheeziest weekend weekends wield weals wield wheels wield wields weighed ways weird weirs weld wells wend wens wend wends who'd whose wide wise widely wisely wider wiser widest wisest wind winds withstand withstands woad woes wound wounds you'd U's you'd use wretched retches wretched wretches -ED versus -S endings: abandoned abandons abhorred abhors abjured abjures absolved absolves absorbed absorbs abstained abstains acclaimed acclaims accompanied accompanies accrued accrues accustomed accustoms achieved achieves acidified acidifies acquired acquires addled addles adhered adheres adjoined adjoins adjourned adjourns adjured adjures ad-libbed ad-libs administered administers admired admires adored adores adorned adorns adventured adventures affirmed affirms aggrieved aggrieves agreed agrees ailed ails aimed aims aired airs alarmed alarms aligned aligns allayed allays allied allies allowed allows alloyed alloys allured allures altered alters ambled ambles amplified amplifies anchored anchors angered angers angled angles annealed anneals annoyed annoys annulled annuls answered answers appalled appals apparelled apparels appealed appeals appeared appears appertained appertains applied applies appliquéed appliqués apportioned apportions approved approves aquaplaned aquaplanes argued argues armoured armours arraigned arraigns arrayed arrays arrived arrives articled articles ascertained ascertains ascribed ascribes aspired aspires assailed assails assayed assays assembled assembles assigned assigns assumed assumes assured assures atoned atones atrophied atrophies attained attains attired attires attuned attunes auctioned auctions auditioned auditions augured augures availed avails averred avers avowed avows awakened awakens awed awes baa'd baas babbled babbles babied babies backfired backfires backpedalled backpedals badgered badgers baffled baffles bagged bags bailed bails balconied balconies balled balls ballooned balloons bamboozled bamboozles banged bangs banned bans bantered banters barbecued barbecues barbed barbs bared bares bargained bargains barnstormed barnstorms barrelled barrels bartered barters bastinadoed bastinadoes bathed bathes battened battens battered batters battled battles beamed beams beatified beatifies beautified beautifies beavered beavers beckoned beckons bedevilled bedevils bedroomed bedrooms beetled beetles befouled befouls beggared beggars begged begs beguiled beguiles behaved behaves behoved behoves belaboured belabours belayed belays beleaguered beleaguers belied belies believed believes belittled belittles bell-bottomed bell-bottoms belled belles bellied bellies bellowed bellows belonged belongs bemoaned bemoans bequeathed bequeaths bereaved bereaves buried buries beseemed beseems beshrewed beshrews besmeared besmears bestirred bestirs bestowed bestows bestrewed bestrews betokened betokens betrayed betrays betrothed betroths bettered betters bevelled bevels bewailed bewails bewildered bewilders bibbed bibs bickered bickers bicycled bicycles billed bills billowed billows blabbed blabs blabbered blabbers blackballed blackballs blackened blackens blacklegged blacklegs blackmailed blackmails blamed blames blared blares blasphemed blasphemes blathered blathers blazoned blazons blessed blesses blethered blethers blistered blisters bloodstained bloodstains bloomed blooms blossomed blossoms blow-dried blow-dries blowed blows blubbered blubbers bludgeoned bludgeons blued blues blue-pencilled blue-pencils blundered blunders blurred blurs blustered blusters bobbed bobs bodied bodies bogged bogs boggled boggles boiled boils bolstered bolsters bombed bombs boned bones boobed boobs booed boos boomed booms bootlegged bootlegs bordered borders bored bores borrowed borrows bothered bothers bottled bottles bottomed bottoms boughs bowed boys buoyed bragged brags braided braises braiding braising braids braised brained brains branded brandies braved braves brawled brawls brayed brays brazened brazens breathed breathes brewed brews bribed bribes bridals bridled brightened brightens brimmed brims bristled bristles broadened broadens broiled broils brooded bruises brooding bruising broods bruised browned browns bubbled bubbles buckled buckles budded buddies buddies buzzes budding buzzing bugged bugs buggered buggers bullied bullies bummed bums bundled bundles bunged bungs bungled bungles bunkered bunkers burbled burbles burdened burdens burgeoned burgeons burgled burgles burned burns burrowed burrows burthened burthens busied busies bustled bustles butchered butchers buttered butters buttoned buttons buttonholed buttonholes cabled cables cackled cackles cajoled cajoles calcified calcifies calcined calcines calendered calendars called calls calmed calms calved calves cambered cambers campaigned campaigns cancelled cancels caned canes cankered cankers canned cans canoed canoes canopied canopies cantered canters caparisoned caparisons capered capers captained captains captured captures cared cares careened careens careered careers caricatured caricatures carolled carols carried carries cartooned cartoons cashiered cashiers castled castles catalogued catalogues catcalled catcalls catered caters caterwauled caterwauls cautioned cautions caved caves cavilled cavils cawed caws censored censors censured censures centred centres certified certifies chagrined chagrins chained chains chaired chairs championed champions channelled channels chaperoned chaperons charmed charms chartered charters chastened chastens chattered chatters chawed chaws cheapened cheapens checkered checkers cheered cheers chewed chews chilblained chilblains chilled chills chimed chimes chiselled chisels chivied chivies collared collars chortled chortles christened christens chronicled chronicles chuckled chuckles chugged chugs chummed chums churned churns ciphered ciphers circled circles circumscribed circumscribes claimed claims clambered clambers clammed clams clamoured clamours clanged clangs clarified clarifies classified classifies clattered clatters Claud clause cleaned cleans cleared clears cleaved cleaves clewed clews climbed climbs clobbered clobbers clogged clogs cloistered cloisters clothed clothes clowned clowns cloyed cloys clubbed clubs clustered clusters cluttered clutters coaled coals coarsened coarsens cobbled cobbles cocooned cocoons coddled coddles codified codifies cohered coheres coined coins coiled coils cold-shouldered cold-shoulders coloured colours combed combs combined combines commandeered commandeers commingled commingles commissioned commissions committed committees communed communes compèred compères compared compares compelled compels compiled compiles complained complains complied complies concealed conceals conceived conceives concerned concerns concurred concurs condemned condemns conditioned conditions condoled condoles condoned condones coned cones confabbed confabs conferred confers configured configures confined confines confirmed confirms conformed conforms congealed congeals conjectured conjectures conjoined conjoins conjured conjures conkers conquered conned cons connived connives conserved conserves considered considers consigned consigns consoled consoles conspired conspires constrained constrains construed construes consumed consumes contained contains contemned contemns continued continues contoured contours contravened contravenes contrived contrives controlled controls convened convenes conveyed conveys convoyed convoys cooed coos cooled cools copied copies copper-bottomed copper-bottoms coppered coppers cordoned cordons corned corns cornered corners co-starred co-stars cottoned cottons councils counselled counted counties countered counters countermined countermines countersigned countersigns countervailed countervails coupled couples court-martialed court-martials cousins cozened covered covers cowed cows crabbed crabs crackled crackles cradled cradles crammed crams craned cranes crannied crannies crash-dived crash-dives craved craves crawled crawls crayoned crayons creamed creams crewed crews cribbed cribs cried cries crimed crimes crimsoned crimsons crinkled crinkles crippled cripples crocheted crochets crooned croons cross-examined cross-examines cross-questioned cross-questions crowed crows crowned crowns crucified crucifies cruder cruiser crumbled crumbles crumpled crumples cubed cubes cuddled cuddles cudgeled cudgels culled culls cultured cultures cumbered cumbers curbed curbs curd curs curdled curdles cured cures curled curls curried curries cursed curses curtailed curtails curtained curtains curtseyed curtseys curved curves cushioned cushions cussed cusses cycled cycles cyclostyled cyclostyles dabbed dabs dabbled dabbles dallied dallies damascened damascenes dammed damns dampened dampens dandled dandles deigned deigns dangled dangles dappled dapples dared dares darkened darkens darned darns daubed daubs dawdled dawdles dawned dawns daydreamed daydreams dazzled dazzles deadened deadens deafened deafens debagged debags debarred debars debugged debugs decayed decays deceived deceives deciphered deciphers declaimed declaims declared declares declassified declassifies declined declines decontrolled decontrols decoyed decoys decreed decrees decried decries deemed deems deepened deepens defamed defames deferred defers defied defies defiled defiles defined defines deflowered deflowers deformed deforms defrayed defrays dehorned dehorns deified deifies delayed delays delivered delivers delved delves demeaned demeans demobbed demobs demurred demurs denied denies deplaned deplanes deplored deplores deployed deploys depraved depraves deprived deprives derailed derails derequisitioned derequisitions derived derives descaled descales described describes descried descries deserved deserves designed designs desired desires despaired despairs despoiled despoils destined destines destroyed destroys detailed details detained detains determined determines deterred deters dethroned dethrones detoured detours detrained detrains devalued devalues devilled devils devolved devolves devoured devours dewed dews dialled dials dibbled dibbles dickered dickers diddled diddles died dies differed differs dignified dignifies dilly-dallied dilly-dallies dimmed dims dimpled dimples dined dines dinned dins dirtied dirties disabled disables disagreed disagrees disallowed disallows disappeared disappears disapproved disapproves disarmed disarms disarrayed disarrays disavowed disavows disbelieved disbelieves disburdened disburdens discerned discerns disciplined disciplines disclaimed disclaims discoloured discolours discontinued discontinues discovered discovers disdained disdains disembodied disembodies disembowelled disembowels disencumbered disencumbers disentangled disentangles disfavoured disfavours disfigured disfigures disheartened disheartens dishonoured dishonours disillusioned disillusions disinclined disinclines disinterred disinters dismantled dismantles dismayed dismays dismembered dismembers disobeyed disobeys disordered disorders disowned disowns dispelled dispels displayed displays disproved disproves disqualified disqualifies disrobed disrobes dissatisfied dissatisfies dissembled dissembles dissevered dissevers dissolved dissolves distempered distempers distilled distils distrained distrains disturbed disturbs dithered dithers dive-bombed dive-bombs dived dives diversified diversifies dividers divisors divined divines dizzied dizzies doctored doctors doddered dodders dogged dogs doled doles dolled dolls domed domes domineered domineers donned dons doodled doodles doomed dooms doubled doubles dovetailed dovetails dowered dowers downed downs dragged drags dragooned dragoons drained drains drawled drawls dreamed dreams dribbled dribbles dried dries drilled drills drip-dried drip-dries drivelled drivels drizzled drizzles droned drones drooled drools drowned drowns drubbed drubs drugged drugs drummed drums dry-cleaned dry-cleans dubbed dubs duelled duels dulled dulls dunned duns dwindled dwindles dyed dyes earned earns ebbed ebbs echoed echoes eddied eddies edified edifies egged eggs elbowed elbows electrified electrifies embalmed embalms embargoed embargoes embezzled embezzles embittered embitters emblazoned emblazons embodied embodies emboldened emboldens embroidered embroiders embroiled embroils empaled empales empanelled empanels emplaned emplanes employed employs empowered empowers emptied empties emulsified emulsifies enabled enables enamelled enamels enamoured enamours enchained enchains encircled encircles encored encores encountered encounters encumbered encumbers endangered endangers endeared endears endeavoured endeavours endowed endows endued endues endured endures enfeebled enfeebles engendered engenders engineered engineers engraved engraves enjoined enjoins enjoyed enjoys enkindled enkindles enlightened enlightens enlivened enlivens ennobled ennobles enplaned enplanes enquired enquires enraptured enraptures enrolled enrolls enshrined enshrines enslaved enslaves ensnared ensnares ensued ensues ensured ensures entailed entails entangled entangles entered enters entertained entertains enthralled enthralls enthroned enthrones entitled entitles entombed entombs entrained entrains entreated entreaties entwined entwines envenomed envenoms envied envies environed environs equalled equals erred errs eschewed eschews espied espies essayed essays esteemed esteems evened evens evolved evolves examined examines excelled excels exclaimed exclaims exemplified exemplifies exhaled exhales exhumed exhumes exiled exiles expelled expels expired expires explained explains explored explores extolled extols fabled fables fagged fags failed fails fared fares falsified falsifies faltered falters fancied fancies fanned fans farmed farms farrowed farrows fashioned fashions fastened fastens fathered fathers fathomed fathoms fatigued fatigues fattened fattens fawned fawns favoured favours feared fears feathered feathers featured features feed fees feigned feigns felled fells ferried ferries festered festers festooned festoons fettered fetters fevered fevers fibbed fibs fiddle fizzle fiddled fiddles fiddles fizzled fiddling fizzling figured figures filed files filibustered filibusters filled fills filmed films filtered filters fined fines fingered fingers fired fires firmed firms fizzled fizzles flagged flags flailed flails flared flares flamed flames flattened flattens flattered flatters flavoured flavours flawed flaws flayed flays flickered flickers flowed flows flogged flogs floundered flounders floured flours flurried flurries flustered flusters fluttered flutters foaled foals foamed foams fobbed fobs fogged fogs foiled foils followed follows fondled fondles fooled fools footled footles footslogged footslogs forayed forays forearmed forearms foredoomed foredooms foregathered foregathers foreordained foreordains foreshadowed foreshadows foreshortened foreshortens forestalled forestalls forewarned forewarns formed forms fortified fortifies fostered fosters fouled fouls foundered founders fractured fractures framed frames frayed frays freckled freckles freed frees freewheeled freewheels frescoed frescoes freshened freshens fricasseed fricassees fried fries frightened frightens frilled frills frittered fritters frivolled frivols frizzled frizzles frowned frowns fructified fructifies fuddled fuddles fuelled fuels fulfilled fulfils fumbled fumbles fumed fumes functioned functions funnelled funnels furled furls furrowed furrows furthered furthers gabbled gabbles gabled gables gagged gags gained gains gambled gambles gamed games ganged gangs gangrened gangrenes gaoled gaols garbed garbs garbled garbles gargled gargles garnered garners garrisoned garrisons gasified gasifies gathered gathers gardened gardens geared gears gelled gels gemmed gems gendarmeries gendarmeries genned gens gerrymandered gerrymanders gestured gestures gibbered gibbers gibed gibes giggled giggles gingered gingers ginned gins girdled girdles gladdened gladdens glared glares gleamed gleams gleaned gleans glimmered glimmers glistened glistens glistered glisters glittered glitters gloried glories glorified glorifies gloved gloves glowed glows glowered glowers glued glues gnawed gnaws gobbled gobbles goggled goggles gonged gongs gored gores governed governs gowned gowns grabbed grabs grained grains grappled grapples gratified gratifies gravelled gravels greyed greys griddle grizzle griddles grizzled grieved grieves grilled grilles grimed grimes grinned grins grizzled grizzles groaned groans groined groins groomed grooms grooved grooves grovelled grovels growled growls grubbed grubs grumbled grumbles guaranteed guarantees guffawed guffaws guillotined guillotines gulled gulls gummed gums gunned guns gurgled gurgles guttered gutters guyed guys guzzled guzzles hackneyed hackneys had has hadn't hasn't haggled haggles hailed hails hared hares hallooed halloos hallowed hallows halls hauled halved halves hammed hams hammered hammers hampered hampers handled handles hanged hangs hankered hankers happened happens harangued harangues harboured harbours hardcovered hardcovers hardened hardens harmed harms harpooned harpoons harried harries harrowed harrows hassled hassles hastened hastens hawed haws healed heals hearkened hearkens heartened heartens heaved heaves heckled heckles hectored hectors he'd he's heightened heightens hemmed hems hewed hews hindered hinders hired hires hived hives h'mmed h'ms hobbled hobbles hobnailed hobnails hobnobbed hobnobs hoed hoes hogged hogs holed holes holidayed holidays hollered hollers holloas hollowed holystoned holystones honed hones honeycombed honeycombs honeyed honeys honeymooned honeymoons honoured honours hoodooed hoodoos Hoovered Hoovers horned horns horrified horrifies hovered hovers howled howls huddled huddles hued hues hugged hugs hulled hulls humbled humbles humbugged humbugs humidified humidifies hummed hums humoured humours hungered hungers hurdled hurdles hurled hurls hurrahed hurrahs hurried hurries hurtled hurtles hustled hustles hymned hymns hyphened hyphens identified identifies idled idles ignored ignores illumed illumes illumined illumines imagined imagines imbibed imbibes imbued imbues immured immures impaired impairs impelled impels imperilled imperils implied implies implored implores importuned importunes imprisoned imprisons improved improves impugned impugns inclined inclines incurred incurs indemnified indemnifies indentured indentures inferred infers inflamed inflames informed informs inhaled inhales initialled initials injured injures inlaid inlays inscribed inscribes inspanned inspans inspired inspires installed installs instilled instils intensified intensifies interfered interferes interleaved interleaves intermarried intermarries intermingled intermingles interned interns interred inters intertwined intertwines intervened intervenes interviewed interviews intoned intones intrigued intrigues inured inures invade inveighs inveigled inveigles involved involves ironed irons issued issues ivied ivies jabbed jabs jabbered jabbers jagged jags jambs jammed jangled jangles japanned japans jarred jars jawed jaws jeered jeers jellied jellies jetted jetties jettisoned jettisons jewelled jewels jibbed jibs jigged jigs jiggered jiggers jiggled jiggles jingled jingles jived jives jobbed jobs jockeyed jockeys jogged jogs joggled joggles joined joins jollied jollies jostled jostles journeyed journeys joyed joys juddered judders jugged jugs juggled juggles jumbled jumbles justified justifies keeled keels keened keens kenned kens kennelled kennels keyed keys killed kills kindled kindles kitted kitties kneed knees kneeled kneels knuckled knuckles kowtowed kowtows labelled labels laboured labours lacquered lacquers laddered ladders ladled ladles lagged lags lambed lambs lamed lames lampooned lampoons larned larns lassoed lassoes lathered lathers laundered launders laurelled laurels laved laves layered layers leagued leagues leaned leans leapfrogged leapfrogs learned learns leavened leavens lectured lectures leered leers lengthened lengthens lessened lessens lettered letters levelled levels levered levers levied levies libelled libels lied lies lightened lightens lightered lighters likened likens limbed limbs limbered limbers limed limes lined lines lingered lingers liquefied liquefies listened listens littered litters lived lives livened livens liveried liveries loaned loans loathed loathes lobbed lobs lobbied lobbies lobed lobes lowed lows logged logs loitered loiters lolled lolls longed longs loomed looms loosened loosens lop-eared lop-ears loured lours louvered louvres loved loves lowered lowers lugged lugs lulled lulls lumbered lumbers lured lures machined machines maddened maddens magnified magnifies mailed mails maimed maims maintained maintains majored majors malfunctioned malfunctions maligned maligns malingered malingers manacled manacles mangled mangles manhandled manhandles manicured manicures manned mans mannered manners manoeuvred manoeuvres mantels mantled manufactured manufactures manured manures marbled marbles marooned maroons married marries marred mars marshalled marshals martyred martyrs marvelled marvels massacred massacres mastered masters mattered matters matured matures mauled mauls maundered maunders meandered meanders measured measures meddled meddles mellowed mellows mentioned mentions metalled metals mewed mews miaoued miaous microfilmed microfilms middled middles mildewed mildews milled mills mimed mimes mined mines mingled mingles ministered ministers mired mires mirrored mirrors misapplied misapplies misbehaved misbehaves miscalled miscalls miscarried miscarries misconceived misconceives misconstrued misconstrues misfired misfires misgoverned misgoverns mishandled mishandles misinformed misinforms mislaid mislays misnamed misnames misspelled misspells mistimed mistimes mizzled mizzles moaned moans mobbed mobs modelled models modified modifies moiled moils moistened moistens mollified mollifies mollycoddled mollycoddles moneyed monies monitored monitors monkeyed monkeys monocled monocles mooed moos mooned moons moored moors mourned mourns mortared mortars mortified mortifies moseyed moseys mothered mothers motioned motions motored motors mottled mottles mouldered moulders mouthed mouths moved moves mowed mows mudded muddies muddle muzzle muddled muddles muddles muzzled muffled muffles mugged mugs mulled mulls mullioned mullions multiplied multiplies mumbled mumbles mummified mummifies munitioned munitions murdered murders murmured murmurs muscled muscles mushroomed mushrooms mustered musters mutinied mutinies muttered mutters muzzled muzzles mystified mystifies nabbed nabs nagged nags nailed nails named names narrowed narrows nattered natters neared nears needled needles negatived negatives neighboured neighbours neighed neighs nerved nerves nestled nestles nettled nettles neutered neuters nibbled nibbles nickelled nickels nicknamed nicknames niggled niggles nobbled nobbles numbered numbers nosedived nosedives notified notifies nullified nullifies numbed numbs nurtured nurtures nuzzled nuzzles obeyed obeys obscured obscures observed observes obtained obtains occasioned occasions occupied occupies occurred occurs offered offers ogled ogles oiled oils okayed okays omened omens opened opens opined opines oppugned oppugns ordained ordains ordered orders orphaned orphans ossified ossifies outbraved outbraves outlawed outlaws outlined outlines outlived outlives outmanoeuvred outmanoeuvres outnumbered outnumbers outplayed outplays outrivalled outrivals outsailed outsails outside outsize outspanned outspans outstayed outstays outvied outvies outweighed outweighs overawed overawes overburdened overburdens overcalled overcalls overclothed overclothes overflowed overflows overhauled overhauls overlaid overlays overmastered overmasters overpaid overpays overplayed overplays overpowered overpowers overruled overrules oversewed oversews overshadowed overshadows oversimplified oversimplifies overstayed overstays overstrained overstrains overturned overturns overvalued overvalues overwhelmed overwhelms owed owes owned owns oxeyed oxeyes pacified pacifies paddled paddles paid pays paled pales pained pains paired pairs palavered palavers palled palls palled pals palmed palms palsied palsies paltered palters pampered pampers pandered panders panelled panels panhandled panhandles panned pans panoplied panoplies papered papers paralleled parallels parboiled parboils parcelled parcels pardoned pardons parleyed parleys parodied parodies paroled paroles parried parries partied parties partitioned partitions partnered partners pastured pastures patrolled patrols patted patties pattens patterned pattered patters pawed paws paved paves pawned pawns pealed peals pearled pearls pedalled pedals peered peers peeved peeves pegged pegs pencilled pencils penned pens pensioned pensions peopled peoples peppered peppers perceived perceives performed performs perfumed perfumes perilled perils perjured perjures permed perms persevered perseveres personified personifies perspired perspires pertained pertains perturbed perturbs pestered pesters pestled pestles petaled petals petered peters petitioned petitions petrified petrifies philandered philanders phoned phones photocopied photocopies pickled pickles pictured pictures piddled piddles pied pies piffled piffles pigeonholed pigeonholes pigged pigs piled piles pilfered pilfers pillared pillars pillowed pillows pimpled pimples pined pines pinged pings pinioned pinions pinnacled pinnacles pinned pins pioneered pioneers pitied pities plagued plagues plained plains planed planes planned plans plastered plasters played plays plied plies ploughed ploughs plugged plugs plumbed plumbs plumed plumes plundered plunders poisoned poisons poled poles polled polls pommelled pommels pondered ponders pooh-poohed pooh-poohs pooled pools portioned portions portrayed portrays positioned positions postponed postpones postured postures potbellied potbellies pottered potters powdered powders power-dived power-dives powered powers powwowed powwows prayed prays prattled prattles prawned prawns preachified preachifies precised precises preconceived preconceives preconditioned preconditions predestined predestines predetermined predetermines preened preens preferred prefers prefigured prefigures preoccupied preoccupies preordained preordains prepared prepares prescribed prescribes preserved preserves presumed presumes prettified prettifies prevailed prevails previewed previews preyed preys price-controlled price-controls prickled prickles pried pries primed primes primmed prims principals principled probed probes proclaimed proclaims procured procures profaned profanes proffered proffers profiled profiles profiteered profiteers programmed programmes prolonged prolongs pronged prongs propelled propels propertied properties prophesied prophesies proportioned proportions propositioned propositions prorogued prorogues proscribed proscribes prospered prospers proved proves provisioned provisions prowled prowls pruned prunes pub-crawled pub-crawls puckered puckers puddled puddles puled pules pulled pulls pummelled pummels punctured punctures punned puns purified purifies purloined purloins purred purrs pursued pursues purveyed purveys putrefied putrefies puttered putters puzzled puzzles quadrupled quadruples quailed quails qualified qualifies quantified quantifies quarantined quarantines quarrelled quarrels quarried quarries quartered quarters quavered quavers queened queens queered queers quelled quells queried queries questioned questions queued queues quibbled quibbles quickened quickens quietened quietens quivered quivers raffled raffles raftered rafters ragged rags railed rails rained rains raisers razored rallied rallies rambled rambles ramified ramifies rammed rams rankled rankles ransomed ransoms rarefied rarefies ratified ratifies rationed rations rattled rattles raved raves ravelled ravels rayed rays reaffirmed reaffirms reappeared reappears reared rears rearmed rearms reasoned reasons reassembled reassembles reassured reassures rebelled rebels received receives recalled recalls recaptured recaptures reckoned reckons reclaimed reclaims reclined reclines recoiled recoils reconciled reconciles reconditioned reconditions reconnoitred reconnoitres reconsidered reconsiders re-covered re-covers recovered recovers rectified rectifies recurred recurs recurved recurves recycled recycles reddened reddens redeemed redeems redefined redefines redeployed redeploys redesigned redesigns rediscovered rediscovers redoubled redoubles re-echoed re-echoes reeled reels refashioned refashions refereed referees referred refers refilled refills refined refines re-formed re-forms reformed reforms refrained refrains refuelled refuels regained regains regaled regales registered registers reinsured reinsures reissued reissues rejigged rejigs re-joined re-joins rejoined rejoins rekindled rekindles relayed relays relied relies relieved relieves relined relines relived relives remained remains remarried remarries remedied remedies remembered remembers remodelled remodels removed removes renamed renames rendered renders rendezvoued rendezvous reneged reneges renewed renews reopened reopens repaid repays repaired repairs repealed repeals repelled repels repined repines replayed replays replied replies reprieved reprieves reproved reproves required requires requisitioned requisitions rescued rescues resembled resembles reserved reserves resettled resettles reshuffled reshuffles resigned resigns resoled resoles resolved resolves respired respires restored restores restrained restrains restructured restructures resumed resumes retired retires retailed retails retained retains retooled retools retrieved retrieves returned returns revalued revalues revealed reveals revelled revels revered reveres reviewed reviews reviled reviles revived revives revivified revivifies revolved revolves revved revs rewired rewires rhymed rhymes ribboned ribbons ribbed ribs ricocheted ricochets riddled riddles ridiculed ridicules riffled riffles rifled rifles rigged rigs riled riles rimmed rims ringed rings ripened ripens rippled ripples rivalled rivals rived rives roamed roams roared roars robbed robs robed robes rolled rolls Roneoed Roneos roomed rooms rumoured rumours rootled rootles rosinned rosins rough-dried rough-dries roughened roughens rowed rows roved roves rubbed rubs rubbered rubbers ruddled ruddles rued rues ruffled ruffles ruined ruins ruled rules rumbled rumbles rumpled rumples ruptured ruptures rustled rustles sabred sabres saddened saddens saddled saddles sagged sags said says sailed sails salaamed salaams salaried salaries sallied sallies sallowed sallows salved salves sampled samples sanctified sanctifies sanctioned sanctions sandalled sandals sandpapered sandpapers satisfied satisfies sauntered saunters sautéed sautés saved saves savoured savours sawed saws scaled scales scampered scampers scanned scans scared scares scarified scarifies scarpered scarpers scarred scars scatterbrained scatterbrains scattered scatters sceptered sceptres scheduled schedules schemed schemes schooled schools scored scores scorned scorns scoured scours scowled scowls scrabbled scrabbles scragged scrags scrambled scrambles scrammed scrams scrawled scrawls screamed screams screened screens screwed screws scribbled scribbles scrubbed scrubs scrupled scruples scuffled scuffles sculled sculls sculptured sculptures scuppered scuppers scurried scurries scuttled scuttles scythed scythes sealed seals seamed seams seared sears seasoned seasons secured secures seemed seems seesawed seesaws seethed seethes seined seines semaphored semaphores sequestered sequesters serge surge served serves settled settles severed severs sewed sews shackled shackles shadowed shadows shagged shags shallowed shallows shambled shambles shamed shames shammed shams shampooed shampoos shanghaied shanghais shared shares sharpened sharpens shattered shatters shaved shaves sheared shears sheathed sheathes shelled shells sheltered shelters shelved shelves shewed shews shied shies shillyshallied shillyshallies shimmered shimmers shingled shingles shinned shins shivered shivers shoaled shoals shooed shoos shored shores shortened shortens shouldered shoulders shoved shoves shovelled shovels showered showers shrilled shrills shrined shrines shrived shrives shrivelled shrivels shrugged shrugs shuddered shudders shuffled shuffles shunned shuns shuttered shutters shuttled shuttles sickened sickens sidled sidles sieved sieves sighed sighs signed signs signalled signals signified signifies silvered silvers simmered simmers simpered simpers simplified simplifies singled singles sinned sins siphoned siphons sired sires sizzled sizzles skedaddled skedaddles skewered skewers skied skies skilled skills skimmed skims skinned skins skippered skippers skittered skitters skittled skittles slackened slackens slammed slams slandered slanders slanged slangs slaughtered slaughters slaved slaves slavered slavers sleeved sleeves sleighed sleighs slewed slews slimmed slims slippered slippers slithered slithers slivered slivers slobbered slobbers slowed slows slogged slogs slugged slugs slumbered slumbers slummed slums slurred slurs smartened smartens smeared smears smelled smells smiled smiles smoothed smooths smothered smothers smouldered smoulders smuggled smuggles snaffled snaffles snagged snags snared snares snarled snarls sneered sneers snickered snickers sniffled sniffles sniggered sniggers snivelled snivels snogged snogs snored snores snowballed snowballs snowed snows snubbed snubs snuffled snuffles snuggled snuggles soared soars sobbed sobs sobered sobers softened softens soft-pedalled soft-pedals soft-soldered soft-solders soiled soils sojourned sojourns soled soles soldered solders soldiered soldiers solidified solidifies solved solves sunned suns soothed soothes sorrowed sorrows soured sours sowed sows spangled spangles spanned spans spared spares sparkled sparkles sparred spars spattered spatters spawned spawns spayed spays speared spears specified specifies speckled speckles spectacled spectacles speechified speechifies spelled spells spewed spews spied spies spieled spiels spilled spills spin-dried spin-dries spiralled spirals splayed splays splintered splinters spluttered splutters spoiled spoils sponsored sponsors spooned spoons sprained sprains sprawled sprawls sprayed sprays spreadeagled spreadeagles sprigged sprigs spring-cleaned spring-cleans sprinkled sprinkles spurned spurns spurred spurs sputtered sputters squabbled squabbles squalled squalls squandered squanders squared squares square-toed square-toes squealed squeals squeegeed squeegees squired squires squirmed squirms stabbed stabs stabled stables staggered staggers stained stains staled stales stalled stalls stammered stammers stapled staples stared stares starred stars startled startles starved starves stationed stations staved staves stayed stays steadied steadies steals steeled steamed steams steamrollered steamrollers steepened steepens steered steers stemmed stems stencilled stencils stewed stews stiffened stiffens stifled stifles stiles styled stilled stills stippled stipples stirred stirs stockinged stockings stokehold stokeholes stoned stones stonewalled stonewalls stored stores storeyed storeys stormed storms stowed stows straddled straddles straggled straggles straightened straightens strained strains strangled strangles stratified stratifies strawed straws strayed strays streamed streams streamlined streamlines strengthened strengthens strewed strews strolled strolls structured structures struggled struggles strummed strums stubbed stubs stuccoed stuccoes studied studies stultified stultifies stumbled stumbles stunned stuns stupefied stupefies stuttered stutters stymied stymies subbed subs subdued subdues subjoined subjoins suborned suborns subpoenaed subpoenas subscribed subscribes subserved subserves subsumed subsumes succoured succours succumbed succumbs suckled suckles suede swayed suffered suffers sugared sugars sullied sullies summed sums summered summers summoned summons sunbathed sunbathes sunburned sunburns sundered sunders supervened supervenes supplied supplies surrendered surrenders surveyed surveys survived survives sustained sustains swabbed swabs swaddled swaddles swaggered swaggers swallowed swallows swanned swans swarmed swarms swathed swathes swayed sways sweetened sweetens swelled swells sweltered swelters swerved swerves swigged swigs swilled swills swindled swindles swirled swirls swivelled swivels swooned swoons syllabified syllabifies syllabled syllables tabled tables tabooed taboos tackled tackles tagged tags tailed tails tailored tailors tallied tallies tamed tames tampered tampers tangled tangles tanned tans tapered tapers tapestried tapestries tarred tars tarried tarries tasseled tassels tattered tatters tattled tattles tattooed tattoos taxied taxis teamed teams teetered teeters teethed teethes telephoned telephones tempered tempers tendered tenders termed terms terrified terrifies testified testifies tethered tethers textured textures thawed thaws thickened thickens thieved thieves thinned thins threatened threatens thrilled thrills thrived thrives throbbed throbs thronged throngs throttled throttles thrummed thrums thumbed thumbs thundered thunders tickled tickles tied ties tightened tightens tilled tills tiled tiles timbered timbers timed times tinctured tinctures tined tines tinged tings tingled tingles tinkered tinkers tinkled tinkles tinned tins tinselled tinsels tippled tipples tiptoed tiptoes tired tires titled titles tittered titters tittle-tattled tittle-tattles toadied toadies tobogganed toboggans toddled toddles togged togs toiled toils tolled tolls toned tones tongued tongues tonned tons tonsured tonsures tooled tools tootled tootles toppled topples torpedoed torpedoes tortured tortures totalled totals tottered totters toughened toughens toured tours tousled tousles towed tows towelled towels towered towers toyed toys trailed trails trained trains trammelled trammels trampled tramples transcribed transcribes transferred transfers transfigured transfigures transformed transforms transmogrified transmogrifies transpired transpires traveled travels travestied travesties trawled trawls treadled treadles treasured treasures trebled trebles treed trees trembled trembles trepanned trepans trephined trephines trews trued trickled trickles tried tries trifled trifles triggered triggers trilled trills trimmed trims tripled triples trolled trolls troubled troubles truckled truckles trundled trundles tugged tugs tumbled tumbles tuned tunes tunnelled tunnels turbaned turbans turned turns tussled tussles tutored tutors twaddled twaddles twanged twangs twiddled twiddles twigged twigs twined twines twinkled twinkles twinned twins twirled twirls twittered twitters typified typifies uglified uglifies umpired umpires unbarred unbars unbosomed unbosoms unbuckled unbuckles unburdened unburdens unbuttoned unbuttons unchained unchains uncoupled uncouples uncovered uncovers uncurled uncurls undeceived undeceives underlined underlines undermined undermines underpaid underpays underpinned underpins underscored underscores undersigned undersigns understudied understudies undervalued undervalues unfastened unfastens unfurled unfurls unified unifies uniformed uniforms unlearned unlearns unmanned unmans unnerved unnerves unplugged unplugs unravelled unravels unrolled unrolls unsaddled unsaddles unscrambled unscrambles unscrewed unscrews unsettled unsettles unsheathed unsheathes untied unties unveiled unveils upholstered upholsters upturned upturns ushered ushers uttered utters vacationed vacations valeted valets valued values varied varies veered veers veiled vales veined veins veneered veneers ventured ventures verified verifies versified versifies vestured vestures vetoed vetoes victualled victuals vied vies viewed views vilified vilifies visaed visas vitrified vitrifies volleyed volleys volunteered volunteers vowed vows waddled waddles waffled waffles wagered wagers wagged wags waggled waggles wailed wails waived waives waivers wavered wakened wakens walled walls wallowed wallows wandered wanders waned wanes wangled wangles wantoned wantons warbled warbles wared wares warmed warms warned warns warranted warranties watered waters waylaid waylays weakened weakens weaned weans wearied wearies weathered weathers webbed webs weed wees weighed weighs welcomed welcomes welled wells weltered welters whanged whangs wheedled wheedles whiled whiles whimpered whimpers whined whines whinnied whinnies whirled whirls whirred whirrs whiskered whiskers whispered whispers whistled whistles whitened whitens whittled whittles widened widens widowed widows wigged Whigs wiggled wiggles willed wills winged wings winkled winkles winnowed winnows wintered winters wired wires withered withers wived wives wobbled wobbles wondered wonders wooed woos wormed worms worried worries worsened worsens wrangled wrangles wreathed wreathes wrestled wrestles wriggled wriggles wrinkled wrinkles writhed writhes wronged wrongs X-rayed X-rays yammered yammers yarned yarns yawed yaws yawned yawns yearned yearns yelled yells yellowed yellows yenned yens yodelled yodels yowled yowls zeroed zeros zigzagged zigzags zoned zones zoomed zooms