Minimal Pair List Consonants /t/ versus /v/, 298 pairs
The spelling of /t/ is usually <t> or <tt>, but we also often see <ght>, <th> in Thai , and a silent-letter combination <pt> in receipt . The /v/ sound is <v> or <ve> throughout. I have included inflected pairs sich as carts/calves , even though they are not strictly minimal, on the grounds discussed under "Problems" in the main article.
The contrast is between a voiceless plosive and a voiced fricative, well separated in the mouth. It is not a problem for learners.
Interesting pairs include:
The mean density value is 1.7%. The list makes 159 semantic distinctions, a loading of 53%.
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